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Al-Azhar Grand Imams

Al-Azhar Mosque/Al-Azhar Grand Imams
Al-Azhar Grand Imams

Friday, August 7, 2020

ˁAbdullāh Ash-Shabrāwī (1137 AH/1724 CE - 1171 AH/1757 CE)

ˁAbdullāh Ash-Shabrāwī

Office assumption date

1137 AH/1724 CE.

Retirement date

1171 AH/1757 CE.

Era

The Ottoman's

A Note about the Grand Imam

     Grand Imam ˁAbdullāh Ibn Muḥammad Ibn ˁᾹmir Ash-Shabrāwī, was born in 1092 AH/1681 CE, and grew up in a household known for knowledge and religiosity. He was educated by senior scholars of his time. Former Grand Imam Al-Kharāshī authorized him for narration by the time he was ten. He was one of the excellent poets of his time, and his good reputation widely spread inside and outside Egypt. Many of his students became great scholars, including the Ottoman ruler of Egypt, ˁAbdullāh Ibn Mouṣṭafā Pasha Al-Kubrillī. Grand Imam Ash-Shabrāwī enjoyed a great position among the governors and rulers. He took office as the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar in 1137 AH/1724 CE, and died in Dhul-Ḥijjah 1171 AH/August 1758 CE, after a replete scholarly life.

Brief Biographical Notes

     Ash-Shabrāwī was born in 1092 AH/1681 CE, and grew up in a household known for knowledge and religiosity. He was educated by senior scholars of his time, such as Sheikh Ḥassan Al-Badrī who influenced his poetic talent, Sheikh Shihāb Ad-Dīn Aḥmad Ibn Muḥammad Ath-Thaḥlī Al-Makkī, Sheikh Ibrāhim Al-Laqqānī, Sheikh Aḥmad An-Nafarāwī, Sheikh Shamsuddīn Ash-Shurunbulānī. Grand Imam Al-Kharāshī authorized him for narration by the time he was ten.

     Sheikh Ash-Shabrāwī used to accompany the Ottoman Pasha to Sheikh Ḥassan Al-Jabartī’s house to learn astronomy and mathematics from him.  Grand Imam Ash-Shabrāwī was one of the prominent poets of his time. His good reputation widely spread inside and outside Egypt. Many of his students became great scholars, including the Ottoman ruler of Egypt ˁAbdullāh Ibn Mouṣṭafā Pasha Al-Kubrillī, and Sheikh Ibrāhim Ibn Muḥammad Ibn ˁAbdus-Salām Az-Zamzamī Al-Makkī. He had a great position among the governors and rulers of Egypt; so his word was effective and his intercession was acceptable. He took over Al-Azhar sheikhdom as the Grand Imam in 1137 AH/1724 CE.

     Grand Imam Ash-Shabrāwī was known for his patience and generosity. He had an enormous wealth from which he would spend generously. He was fond of buying books, and spent a lot of money on them. He was known for tolerance with the Christians. Grand Imam Ash-Shabrāwī wrote many books, thus indicating his abundant knowledge, massive information and cultural diversity. He wrote on literature, rhetoric, Arabic grammar, logic, Ḥadīth and history. He died in Dhul-Ḥijjah 1171 AH/August 1758 CE, after a replete scholarly life.

Notable Contributions and Events

• His excellency since he was young.

• His distinguished relationships with the rulers of Egypt.

• His tolerance with the Christians.


Categories: Grand Imams
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