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Al-Azhar Grand Imams

Al-Azhar Mosque/Al-Azhar Grand Imams
Al-Azhar Grand Imams

Friday, September 18, 2020

Jādul-Ḥaq ˁAlī Jādul-Ḥaq (1402AH/1982 CE-1417 AH / 1996 CE)

Jādul-Ḥaq ˁAlī Jādul-Ḥaq

Office assumption date

1402AH/1982 CE.

Retirement date

1417 AH / 1996 CE.

Era

The First Egyptian Republic (1952-2011) CE.

A Note about the Grand Imam

     Grand Imam Jādul-Ḥaq ˁAlī Jādul-Ḥaq was born on Jumāda l-ˀĀkhirah 13, 1335 AH / April 5, 1917 CE in the village of Baṭrah, Ṭalkhā, Ad-Daqahliyyah, Egypt. He was raised in an honorable family. He memorized the Noble Qurˀān, and then obtained his high school certificate 1357 AH/1939 CE. Then, he joined the Faculty of Sharīˁah, where he obtained his Bachelor’s degree. He was also licensed in the Islamic Judiciary. He continued to be promoted in positions until he was appointed as the Grand Mufti of Egypt in 1398 AH / 1977 CE. In 1402 AH/1982 CE, he was appointed as the Egyptian Minister of Endowments. In the same year, he was appointed as the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar. He had remarkable stances defending the Islamic Law and Al-Azhar.

Brief Biographical Notes

     Jādul-Ḥaq ˁAlī Jādul-Ḥaq, was born on Thursday, Jumādal-ˀĀkhirah 13, 1335 AH / April 5, 1917 CE, in the village of Baṭrah, Ṭalkhā, Ad-Daqahliyyah, Egypt. He was raised in an honorable family. He memorized the Noble Qurˀān and learned the basics of reading and writing, then he obtained his high school certificate in 1357 AH/1939 CE.

     Afterwards, he joined the Faculty of Sharīˁah, where he obtained his Bachelor’s degree in 1361 AH/1943 CE. He was also licensed in the Islamic Judiciary in 1364 AH/1945 CE. Upon his graduation, he was appointed at the Islamic Courts and continued to be promoted in positions therein.

     Sheikh Jādul-Ḥaq was highly appreciated and respected by his colleagues, as well as by the judicial authorities entrusted with evaluating him, because of his excellence in his work.  Perhaps this image was the reason why he was appointed as a Court President, and later as a Judicial Inspector. Within only one year, he was appointed as a Consultant in the Courts of Appeal, then as the First Inspector in the Judicial Inspection. On Jumāda l-ˀŪlā 22, 1402 AH/March 17, 1982 CE, Republican Decree “No. 192” was issued appointing Jādul-Ḥaq as the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar.

     Sheikh Jādul-Ḥaq was a righteous model to be emulated in the eagerness to seeking knowledge and the perfection of work.  He left good impact everywhere he worked at the Islamic Courts. When he became the Grand Mufti of Egypt, he played a major role in managing the work in the Fatwa House, and publishing the documented fatwas that had already been issued since the Fatwa House inception. When he became the Minister of Endowments, he convened a number of conferences to develop the missionary work and Muslim preachers.

     The efforts done by Jādul-Ḥaq reached the peak when he was appointed as the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar. During his tenure, Al-Azhar witnessed a new era of prosperity as a well-established religious and scholarly association, and the Egyptian institution responsible for Islamic thought and religious education. Grand Imam Jādul-Ḥaq also played a major role in confronting the foreign ideas threatening the Egyptian society and intending to break its unity. He also played a great role in following up with the Muslim Nation’s issues, especially the Palestinian Issue and the Muslim minorities. He left a distinguished scholarly legacy and continued to exert efforts until he passed to his Lord on Friday morning, Shawwāl 25, 1416 AH / March 25, 1996 CE.

Notable Contributions and Events

• Grand Imam Jādul-Ḥaq made efforts to develop Al-Azhar administration and increase the number of Al-Azhar schools throughout Egypt. He paid due attention to the issues of Azhari students and looked after them.

• He made efforts in the field of Islamic missionary, and stood against terrorist groups.

• He supported the Muslim minorities, especially concerning the issue of Bosnian and Herzegovinian Muslims.

•  Sheikh Jādul-Ḥaq opposed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait.

• He took a firm stance regarding the Arab causes in general, and the Palestinian question in particular. He categorically rejected normalization of relations with the Zionist enemy, in addition to his confrontation to the Israeli attacks on the Islamic Sacred Places.

• Jādul-Ḥaq took a stance regarding the social problems, especially women's issues, as well as his stance against the Population Conference.

•  Grand Imam Jādul-Ḥaq stood against the decision taken by the Egyptian Minister of Education concerning banning the Ḥijāb (woman headscarf) in primary schools.

 

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