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Al-Azhar Grand Imams

Al-Azhar Mosque/Al-Azhar Grand Imams
Al-Azhar Grand Imams

Monday, September 14, 2020

Ḥasan Maˀmūn (1384 AH/1964 CE - 1389 AH/1969 CE)

Ḥasan Maˀmūn

Office Assumption Date

1384 AH/1964 CE

Retirement Date

1389 AH/1969 CE

Era

The First Egyptian Republic (1952-2011) CE.

A Note about the Grand Imam

     Grand Imam Ḥasan Muṣṭafā Maˀmūn was born in the district of Al-Khalīfah, Cairo, Egypt, on Dhul-Ḥijjah 10, 1311 AH / June 13, 1894 CE. He joined Al-Azhar. On completing the high school, he joined the Islamic Judiciary College. After graduation, he continued to be promoted in various judiciary positions. In March 1955, he assumed the Grand Muftī position. On July 1964, a decree was issued appointing him as the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar. He was keen on the continuation of the reform movement of Al-Azhar in a gentle manner. He continued to carry out his duties with stability and steadiness until health troubles overtook him. Thus, he resigned on September 17, 1969 and died on Rabīˁ ul-ˀĀkhar 17, 1393 AH / May 19, 1973 CE.

Brief Biographical Notes

     Sheikh Muṣṭafā Maˀmūn was keen on educating his son Ḥasan, so he enrolled him in Al-Azhar Mosque till he reached the secondary stage. After completing the secondary stage, Maˀmoun’s father enrolled him in the Islamic Judiciary College, from which he graduated in Shawwāl 1336 AH/July 1918 CE.

     Sheikh Ḥasan Maˀmūn was not content with the Islamic disciplines, but he also learned the French language until he mastered it. He was appointed as a judicial employee at Zagazig Islamic Court on Muḥarram 10, 1338 AH / October 4, 1919. In Shawwāl 1338 AH/July 19, 1920 CE, Maˀmūn was appointed as an employee at Cairo Islamic Court. There, he was promoted to a Second-Class Judge on Rajab 3, 1339/March 12, 1921 CE. On Jumāda l-ˀĀkhirah 25, 1348 AH/November 27, 1929 CE, he was promoted to a First-Class Judge at Cairo Islamic Court. On Dhul-Ḥijjah 12, 1357 AH/February 1, 1939 CE, once more Maˀmūn was promoted to the position of General Judge. He was also appointed Chief Justice of the Sudan. Because of his opposition to the British policy in the Sudan, he was sent back to Egypt. He was appointed as the Head of the Cairo Islamic Court of First Instance. Then, on Shaˁbān 7, 1370 AH / May 13, 1951 CE, he was appointed as the Vice President of the Supreme Islamic Court. He retired on Shawwāl 11, 1373 AH/June 12, 1954 CE.

     By a Cabinet resolution on Rajab 8, 1374 AH / March 1, 1955 CE, Sheikh Ḥasan Maˀmūn was appointed the Grand Mufti of Egypt for two years. Finally, by a Republican Decree on Rabīˁ ul-ˀAwwal 17, 1384 AH / July 26, 1964 CE, Maˀmūn was appointed as the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar.

     Grand Imam Ḥasan Maˀmūn adopted memorable national stances in Egypt and during his service in the Sudan. He paid special attention to the national unity; thus, he was keen on sharing the Egyptian sects, Muslims and Christians, in their religious ceremonies. Such sharing was meant to strengthen the bonds among the people’s communities.  He also looked after the continuation of Al-Azhar reform movement with compassion and kindness. He continued to carry out the duties of his position with stability and steadiness, with the conscience of honest judge, expert scholar and rational jurist until health problems overtook him. Thus, he resigned on September 17, 1969, and devoted himself to practicing the acts of worship. Nevertheless, he did not stop researching, studying, and writing, notably in supervising the issuance of the Great Islamic Jurisprudential Encyclopedia. He kept this activity until he died on Rabīˁ ul-ˀĀkhar 17, 1393 AH/May 19, 1973 CE.

Notable Contributions and Events

  • Grand Imam Ḥasan Maˀmūn stood against the abuse of the British occupation of Egypt and the Sudan.
  • He called on the Muslims around the world to stand against colonialism that divided the Muslim world into warring states.
  • He appealed to the King of Libya, Idrīs As-Sinūsī, to remove the American and British military bases from the Libyan territories as they posed a real threat to the Egyptian lands.
  • When the Zionists burned Al-ˀAqṣā Mosque, he confronted that calamitous plot, and appealed to all the Muslims in various parts of the world to protect the Islamic Sacred Places, as an obligatory duty upon the Muslims.
  • With the outbreak of the brutal Israeli aggression against Egypt and other Arab countries in 1967, he appealed to the rulers of the Arab countries to use petroleum-withhold as a weapon to confront the Zionist aggressive plans.
  • He was keen to strengthen the national unity between Muslims and Christians in Egypt.
  • Grand Imam Ḥasan Maˀmūn contributed to the development of the Scholarly Institute in Om Durmān, Sudan, as well as the establishment of Azhari regional institutes there.

 


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