Committing sins and acts of disobedience renders Muslim disbeliever.
- The Muslim who testifies that there is no god except Allah and that Muḥammad (PBUH) is the Messenger of Allah cannot be declared non-Muslim unless he denies the Oneness of Allah or the prophethood of His honorable prophet Muḥāmmad (PBUH) and other Prophets of Allah. Moreover, a Muslim may always commit sins because he is a human being, and not an angel. Being a human being necessitates that one sins and commits mistakes. Yet, Allah is All Merciful and Oft-Forgiving. It suffices to cite Prophet Muḥāmmad's (PBUH) saying: "By the One in Whose Hand my soul is, were you not to commit sins, Allah would replace you with a people who would commit sins and then seek forgiveness from Allah; and Allah would forgive them". This ḥadīth clearly indicates that a Muslim cannot not be rendered disbeliever due to committing sins, unless he commits them viewing that they are permissible.