Tawhid (Monotheism) has categories; one of which is the Tawhid Al-Hakimiyyah which means that sovereignty is for Allah alone and that whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed is a disbeliever.
- As a term, al-ḥākimiyyah was used for the first time by Abū Al-A‘la Al-Mawdūdī as he was seeking for the independence of his country from Britain. When Pakistan gained its independence and separated in 1947, Al-Mawdūdī abandoned the idea of al-ḥākimiyyah and subjected himself to state laws and constitution. Moreover, he ran for office.
- Sayyid Quṭb developed this idea adding some extremist thoughts that Egypt is a Jāhilī state which lives in a state of disbelief because it does not judge in accordance with what Allah has revealed.
- Since Sayyid Quṭb till this very day, terrorist groups use this term in order to rationalize their deviation from the straight path; they kill innocent people, destroy civilizations on the pretext that there is no rule except Allah's Rule and that Sharī‘ah shall be applied all over the world.